So why should you start a private limited company. Here are some of the advantages of registering your business as a private limited company.
One of the main advantages of starting a private limited company is limited liability. Limited liability means limited exposure to financial risk by investors of a company. Limited liability means the shareholders liability in the company is limited to the capital amount invested in the company.
For example, if Sam invested Rs 100,000 to start a private limited company. Sam’s liability is the investment of Rs 100,000. In other words, the potential loss cannot be beyond Rs 100,000. Sam won’t be liable for any liability beyond this Rs 100,000.
Private companies enjoy perpetual succession. What does perpetual succession mean? Shareholders may come and go, but the company still continues to be in existence. The company is unaffected by the death of any of its shareholders or the transfer of its shares to another person.
For example, in a partnership firm, a change in the membership leads to dissolution of the existing partnership whereas in a private limited company, one shareholder may transfer his shares to another, but the company still continues to operate.
Financial institutions such as banks and private equity funds lend their resources more willingly to companies that to other forms of business organizations.
Banks are more likely to lend to limited companies because they can use the assets of the company as security for the loan. Private equity firms take stake in the company while investing; this cannot be achieved in a partnership firm.
Limited companies are easier to sell as compared to partnership firms. Ownership is represented by equity or preference shares and these can be easily sold without affecting the activities of the company.
There is no maximum limit on the salary being paid to directors; whereas there is a ceiling limit on the salary paid to partners of a partnership firm as per Income Tax Act, 1961.